US Navy CNP Addresses Sailors Around the World

first_img View post tag: Naval Share this article View post tag: Navy February 4, 2015 Authorities View post tag: around Back to overview,Home naval-today US Navy CNP Addresses Sailors Around the World View post tag: sailors View post tag: Addressescenter_img View post tag: world US Navy CNP Addresses Sailors Around the World View post tag: News by topic View post tag: CNP View post tag: americas US Navy’s Chief of Naval Personnel (CNP) talked with Sailors around the world during an all-hands call broadcast live from Defense Media Activity at Fort Meade, Md., Feb. 3.Vice Adm. Bill Moran and Fleet Master Chief April Belo, the Fleet Master Chief of Manpower, Personnel, Training and Education (MPT&E), took the time to address Sailors from across the fleet and around the world through a myriad of channels, such as in-studio questions, satellite feeds, and social media.Some of the topics Moran and Beldo touched on are subjects of great importance to Sailors: pay, manning, advancement, tuition assistance, and physical readiness.[mappress mapid=”15029″]Image: US Navy View post tag: US Navylast_img read more

Royal Navy seeking proposals for autonomous XLUUV

first_imgThe UK defense ministry is seeking proposals for the development of an autonomous version of an existing extra large unmanned undersea vehicle (XLUUV).The development would be part of a Defence and Security Accelerator (DASA) multi-year themed competition which will seek to develop a platform to understand the potential capabilities of an autonomous vehicle.The contract will have two stages, a research, design and re-fit stage and a testing and trialling stage. In the latter stage, it is expected that the system will be tested in representative environments for extended periods; the sea trials in stage two may be up to two years.The navy says it is looking for a flexible UUV capable of hosting different payloads/sensors which will be used in a range of testing scenarios. This range of tests will determine capability limits of a UUV, to assist in the development of future requirements and the design of future capabilities.A total of GBP 1 million are being set aside for the first phase of the project, and a further GBP 1.5 million for the second stage.“Developing and testing the potential capability to deliver these future operational requirements is not possible with current Royal Navy assets and requires research and development of a larger more payload-flexible autonomous test system in partnership with commercial suppliers,” a call for proposals read.“It is envisaged that this will be achieved, for this competition, by re-fitting an existing large asset with an autonomous control system to develop a test-ready autonomous underwater vehicle.”The Royal Navy expects the future XLUUVs to possess payload-agnostic spaces of over two cubic meters and two metric tons. Further requirements include the capability to operate independently for a minimum of 3 months, an operational range of 3,000 nautical miles, covert intelligence gathering capabilities, and an anti-submarine warfare (ASW) barrier capability.Proposals for the project are due on June 11, 2019. More info can be found here Share this article Photo: The US Navy recently selected Boeing’s Echo Voyager design for its Orca XLUUV program Photo: Boeing View post tag: DASAcenter_img View post tag: Royal Navy View post tag: XLUUVlast_img read more

Bookstore Manager

first_imgFrequent movement within the store to access variousdepartments, areas, and/or products.Ability to remain in a stationary position for extendedperiods.Frequent lifting.Occasional reaching, stooping, kneeling, crouching, andclimbing ladders.Required QualificationsMinimum Qualifications : (10) years of progressively responsibility bookstore managementand supervisory experience3-5 years previous textbook experience working in an onlineculture, including knowledge of and competency with retail softwareand technologyExperience in an e-commerce marketplaceAbility to execute and develop business strategies and identifyopportunities to drive sales, increase customer satisfaction, andexpand store trafficExperience in an institution of Higher Education managing anoperation for the purchase/sale of textbooks, sundries andparaphernaliaMaster’s Degree in Retail Management, Business Administrationor related field Prepares and implements detailed operating plans for standardoperations, and special events (Convocation, Commencement). Drivesplans to execution, analyzes store financials, interprets trends,and makes recommendations to the Chief Financial Officer (CFO)regarding how to positively impact future sales/expenseopportunities.Demonstrates understanding of capacity and velocityrequirements, based on previous inventory history.Prepares annual budgets and monthly financial and performancereports.Identifies key talent and is responsible for recruiting,training, coaching and development of full-time, part-time, andcontractual employees.Ensures effective performance management and maintains aculture of accountability. Develops cross-functional teams ofengaged associates with the ability to execute initiatives anddrive store operational standards and business results.Provides staff training, develops, and promotes a teamenvironment and acts as a leader within the store to all stafflevels.Establishes, enhances, and maintains positive, responsiverelationships with campus community, including athletic departmentand faculty and staff.Provides oversight and guidance and/or executes needs relatedto course materials,Reviews enrollment numbers, history, inventory levels andcurrent adoptions in order to ensure appropriate quantities forpurchase and to buy back. Interacts with faculty and others asneeded to gain access to adopted titles for upcoming semester farin advance to maximize profit.Develops a customer-centric experience and engages team membersin the delivery/execution of that objective. Provides highestlevels of customer service within the store and in all interactionswith customers.Manages the visual presentations to create an exciting salesenvironment for customers.Participates in the execution of store-specific projects, suchas renovations and reorganizations, or assists in projects relatingto store opening or closing.Ensures all back-office functions, including the preparation ofinvoices, process of chargebacks and coordination of stockshipments are completed in accordance with standard practices andprocedures.Possesses the ability to effectively communicate to the CFO andother college Executives.Positively represents BCCC at all times and with allcustomers.Performs other duties as assigned. Physical Demandscenter_img ***Seven (7) Professional References, including work andcell/home phone number should be uploaded as an additionaldocument.***Bachelor’s Degree in Retail Management, BusinessAdministration, or related fieldMinimum of (7) year’s Retail or related work experience toinclude Retail ManagementGeneral Bookstore experienceProven experience with POS and inventory systems.Strong customer service experience; strong organizational, timemanagement and problem-solving skills; strong communication andpresentation skills; strong analytical skills and financial acumenincluding Point of Sales (POS) system, general accounting, and cashcountsAdvanced relationship building, a demonstrated ability toinfluence a team and customer outreachGeneral Computer SkillsPreferred QualificationsPreferred Qualifications: Description/Job SummarySeeking a results-driven Bookstore Manager to be responsiblefor the overall management of the campus bookstore at BaltimoreCity Community College. The bookstore provides text and tradebooks, technology, and school supplies, college paraphernalia, andsundries — what a college student needs to be successful inhis/her studies as well as items to get them through the day.Manager must be knowledgeable of and be a resource for alldepartments, model exceptional customer service, drive sales, andbe a skillful problem solver.This position executes and provides leadership and oversight forall facets of bookstore operations including: hiring, training,supervising, developing and motivating team members; preparing andexecuting store operating plans; developing a robust e-commercemarketplace, establishing and enhancing strong campus relations;guiding course materials activities; maintaining a high-level ofcustomer service throughout the store; delivering on generalmerchandise expectations; demonstrating expert-level knowledge ofsystems and strategies; and completing other necessary storeactivities as needed.Responsibilities/DutiesKey Areas of Responsibilities:last_img read more

Electron Adds Two East Coast Dates With Tom Hamilton’s American Babies

first_imgLater this month, jam band side project/supergroup Electron will head to colorado for a run of three dates in Denver, Fort Collins, and Frisco, respectively. Today, the band (comprised of The Disco Biscuits’ Marc Brownstein and Aron Magner, Lotus’s Mike Greenfield, and American Babies/Joe Russo’s Almost Dead’s Tom Hamilton) announced the addition of two east coast dates to their spring run.On April 20th, the band will head to The Ardmore Music Hall in Ardmore, PA for a hometown show. The following night, April 21st, Electron will be at BB King Blues Club in New York City for a late night performance. Tom Hamilton‘s American Babies will provide support for all five dates.To purchase tickets for the newly added shows, visit the venues’ respective websites (Ardmore; BB King’s).[Cover Photo via Scott Harris]last_img read more

Fuel efficiency for marathoners

first_imgMost marathon runners know they need to consume carbohydrates before and during a race, but many don’t have a good fueling strategy.Now, one dedicated marathoner — an M.D./Ph.D. student in the Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology — has taken a more rigorous approach to calculating just how much carbohydrate a runner needs to fuel himself or herself through 26.2 miles, and what pace that runner can reasonably expect to sustain.The result is a new model, described in the Oct. 21 issue of the journal PLoS Computational Biology, which allows runners to calculate personalized targets using an estimate of their aerobic capacity.The Harvard-MIT scientist, Benjamin Rapoport, was inspired by his experience in the 2005 New York Marathon. As he entered Manhattan for the last several miles of the race, his legs just didn’t want to keep up the pace. He was experiencing a common phenomenon among marathoners, known as “hitting the wall.” Essentially, the body runs out of fuel, forcing the runner to slow down dramatically.“You feel like you’re not going anywhere,” says Rapoport. “It’s a big psychological letdown, because you feel powerless. You can’t will yourself to run any faster.”Of the hundreds of thousands of people who run a marathon each year, more than 40 percent hit the figurative wall, and 1 to 2 percent drop out before finishing.During strenuous exercise such as running, the body relies on carbohydrates for most of its energy, even though fat stores are usually much larger. Most of those carbohydrates come from glycogen stored in the liver and in the leg muscles. A small amount of glucose is also present in the blood.Hitting the wall occurs when those stored carbohydrates are completely depleted, forcing the body to start burning fat. When that happens, the runner’s pace can drop about 30 percent, and ketones, the byproducts of fat metabolism, start building up in the body, causing pain and fatigue.“People think hitting the wall is inevitable, but it’s not,” says Rapoport, who has run 18 marathons, including a personal best of 2:55 at this year’s Boston Marathon. “In order to avoid it, you need to know what your capabilities are. You need to set a target pace that will get you to the finish without hitting the wall. Once you do that, you need to make sure you appropriately carbo-load.”To create his new model, Rapoport identified two fundamental physiological factors that limit performance in endurance runners: aerobic capacity and the ability of the leg muscles to store carbohydrates as glycogen. Aerobic capacity, also known as VO2max, is a measure of how much oxygen the body can transport to the muscles and consume during aerobic exercise. Oxygen is critical to muscle performance because glucose can only be broken down completely in the presence of oxygen.The average untrained male’s VO2max of 45 ml/kg/min can be boosted with training, and elite marathoners often have VO2max in excess of 75 ml/kg/min. Measuring exact VO2max requires a treadmill stress test at maximum effort, but it can be estimated by measuring heart rate while running at a constant pace on a treadmill.Using Rapoport’s model, any runner training for a marathon who estimates his or her VO2max can figure out a range of paces, including the fastest safe pace he or she can sustain without hitting the wall. For example, a man with a VO2max of 60 ml/kg/min could run the race in 3:10 without consuming any carbs during the race.A VO2max of 60 ml/kg/min is about the highest that most men can attain through training, and 3:10 happens to be a gold standard in marathoning: It’s the time men aged 18 to 34 must achieve to qualify for the Boston Marathon. For women of the same age, the qualifying time is 3:40, which is also the time that Rapoport’s model predicts for a runner with a VO2max of 52 ml/kg/min, about the highest level the average woman can attain through training.The model’s predictions also depend on the runner’s leg muscle mass, because larger muscles can store more glycogen. In the examples above, those finishing times assume that the runner’s leg muscles make up at least 7.5 percent of his or her body mass, which is true of most people. For men, the values typically range from 14 to 27.5 percent, and in women, they range from 18 to 22.5 percent.Rapoport’s model also allows runners to calculate how much carbohydrate they need to consume during the race if they want to run a faster pace without hitting the wall. For example, a runner with a VO2max of 50 ml/kg/min who wanted to achieve the 3:10 Boston Marathon qualifying time would need to consume 30 calories of carbohydrate per kilogram of body weight (about 2,090 calories for a 154-pound runner), assuming that his legs make up at least 15 percent of his body mass.While physiological models can help runners plan for their races, Rapoport says that other factors such as mental toughness and course terrain also play important roles in how a runner will perform in any given marathon. One of the most important things a runner should do during a marathon is stick to his or her target pace, Rapoport says. When runners start out too fast, they burn a higher percentage of carbohydrates, increasing the risk of hitting the wall.“Once you figure out your target pace, you have to stay at it,” he says. “People sometimes get too excited or change their game plan on the day of the race, and that’s a tactical mistake.”Rapoport’s “Marathon Calculator” applet will soon be available. You can also learn more about his research through this link.— Steve Bradt/Harvard Staff Writer and Anne Trafton/Massachusetts Institute of Technologylast_img read more

Bees, social and solitary

first_imgIf you ask most people what they know about bees, you’re likely to get answers ranging from their favorite type of honey to stories about their worst stinging experiences.As it turns out, not all bees produce honey, have stingers, or even live in hives — the vast majority of the some 20,000 species of bees worldwide are solitary creatures, typically living in small burrows in the soil or in twigs of plants.In a recent Proceedings from the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) study, scientists from Harvard University, University of Melbourne, Tel Aviv University, and Princeton University explored how differences between solitary versus social life histories might drive physiological and chemical differences between each type of bee’s communication system.“There’s been a long standing theory that insects living in social groups should have more complicated demands on their social or communications networks, from the chemicals they produce to their morphology, while solitary insects have more simplistic systems, ” says Sarah Kocher, a former Harvard postdoc who is an author on the study. “It turns out that that prediction is indeed true.”Identifying an appropriate test subject was crucial to the experiment’s success. While honeybees and ants are among the most advanced and well-studied “eusocial” insects, or insects having a reproductive division of labor typically including a queen and sterile castes of workers that help at the nest, their fixed colony behaviors made them unlikely candidates for understanding the evolutionary differences between communication systems in solitary and social insects — there are no solitary examples of these species.“If you’re [a social bee], you need to respond to both environmental and social cues … Solitary bees simply don’t face the same variety of communication needs, and this analysis really gets at the heart of that,” said Sarah Kocher, an author on the study. File photo by Ann WangUnlike their cousins, however, social behavior in halictid, or sweat bees, is flexible.“In this particular species of halictid bee, there are some populations that are solitary and some that are social. This made them an ideal test subject to help us understand social and solitary communication patterns,” says Naomi Pierce, Hessel Professor of Biology in the Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology at Harvard University and one of the study’s authors.  Other authors include Bernadette Wittwer, Abraham Hefetz, Tovit Simon, Li E. K. Murphy ’16, and Mark A. Elgar.After collecting and examining specimens from the focal species, Lasioglossum albipes, whose populations are either social or solitary, as well as representatives from 36 other species of halictid bees that differ in whether they are social or solitary, the scientists discovered that social halictids had significantly higher amounts of sensory receptors on their antennae compared to their solitary cousins. Likewise, the chemicals they produced to communicate were different.“If you’re [a social bee], you need to respond to both environmental and social cues,” explains Kocher, “such as ‘Is this my nest? Am I dominant?’ Solitary bees simply don’t face the same variety of communication needs, and this analysis really gets at the heart of that.”Next steps range from studying the genetic basis of the differences between social and solitary forms of these bees and how they have been influenced by their environment, to comparing the different types of bacteria interacting in their digestive systems and how the composition of these microbiota might affect their hosts.For Pierce, this type of painstaking scientific work reinforces the value of natural history.“Natural history really matters,” says Pierce. “It was in looking for a class of insects that would show variability in social behavior, and recognizing that we weren’t going to find it in ants, because ants were already all fixed with respect to that behavior, and we weren’t going to find it in regular honeybees, which were also fixed in their social behavior, that led us to the halictid bee. The unique natural history of this group of bees really mattered, and by taking that into account, we were able to ask much more penetrating questions.”This research was supported by the Holsworth Research Wildlife Fund, the National Science Foundation, the Putnam Expeditionary Fund of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, and a grant from the Australian Research Council.last_img read more

SMC plans LGBTQ support events for Ally Week

first_imgIn order to promote a “safe zone” for members of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and questioning (LGBTQ) community, the Saint Mary’s Straight and Gay Alliance (SAGA) is sponsoring Ally Week through Friday. Senior and SAGA president Eileen Cullina said Ally Week is possible because of people who stand up as allies and thanks to the members of SAGA who plan and facilitate the events. “There are members of the LGBTQ community on campus,” Cullina said. “This week is important because it sends the message to these students that this is a campus full of allies. It also give students who are allies the opportunity to speak up and stand up for their LGBTQ peers.” Senior Hayley Miller, treasurer of SAGA, said the week has multiple distinct goals.”It reminds all of us [of] the importance of respecting others, it educates students on LGBTQ issues, and it promotes all individuals to be open to diversity by creating a safe zone for others,” she said. Cullina said students can sign a pledge in the dining hall, vowing to support their peers who identify as part of the LGBTQ community. “The pledge in the dining hall is a visual representation of student and faculty allies on campus,” Cullina said. “Nearly 100 people signed the pledge during just one two-hour lunch period. Signing the ally pledge is a very simple way to stand up and say ‘LGBTQ is fine by me.’” A panel of Saint Mary’s students will discuss LGBTQ issues in the Student Center Lounge today at 8 p.m. Cullina said these students will explain their perspectives on LGBTQ issues on campus. Miller, who will speak on the panel, said it is important to understand the meaning of being an ally. She said she hopes students who attend the panel will learn to define “ally” for themselves. “To me, being an ally means creating a non-judgmental, open-minded, hate-free environment where it is safe to discuss issues surrounding sexual orientation or really any issue regarding diversity,” Miller said. “I hope that by the end of the event, each person in the audience will walk away with their own unique meaning of the word ‘ally.’” There will be safe zone training Thursday at 5 p.m. in the Student Center Lounge, followed by a tye dyeing event in the Le Mans Hall basement at 7 p.m. These events aim to reinforce that LGBTQ students are not alone, Cullina said, and that SAGA is active on campus and already looking forward to events next semester. “In the spring, we will have a campus-wide pride week,” Cullina said. “In the meantime, we hope to bring some speakers to campus, as well as [to] host LGBTQ friendly social events “If there is one message I want Saint Mary’s students to take from this week, it is that the majority of this campus is supportive of the LGBTQ community.” Contact Haleigh Ehmsen at [email protected]last_img read more

Former diplomats to speak at Notre Dame

first_imgFormer Secretaries of State John Kerry and Condoleezza Rice will speak in a forum at the DeBartolo Performing Arts Center as part of an event hosted by Notre Dame’s International Security Center, Rooney Center for the Study of American Democracy, Common Ground Committee and BridgeND on March 19, the University announced in a press release Tuesday. The forum is titled “Finding Common Ground on America’s Role in the World” and will be moderated by Howard LaFranchi, a diplomacy correspondent for The Christian Science Monitor.“We look forward to a fascinating and productive conversation between Secretaries Rice and Kerry, two experienced leaders in American foreign policy,” Christina Wolbrecht, professor of political science and director of the Rooney Center, said. “The Rooney Center and our partners are delighted to bring this unique and exciting dialogue to Notre Dame to educate and inform the campus community, as well as contribute to pressing national policy debates.”Rice is a Notre Dame alumna and member of the Republican party, while Kerry is a Democrat. The two will discuss differences in political discourse between the two parties. A Pew Research study said though 72 percent of the public agree that protecting the United States from terrorism should be an important priority for the country, views on specific foreign policy goals differ between Democrats and Republicans. For example, 70 percent of Republicans believe that military superiority should be a priority for the United States, while only 34 percent of Democrats would agree.In addition, about 39 percent of Democrats support helping refugees who are fleeing violent home countries, but only 11 percent of Republicans support these actions. The partisan divide on the importance of reducing undocumented immigration is even larger — with 68 percent of Republicans supporting it as a priority, as compared to 20 percent of Democrats.“Secretaries Kerry and Rice are both exemplars of BridgeND’s mission, and we are thrilled to help bring these two distinguished speakers to Notre Dame’s campus to demonstrate the possibilities of constructive discourse,” Christian McGrew, former president of BridgeND and current executive board member of BridgeUSA, said. The event will take place from 7 p.m. – 8:30 p.m. on March 19 in Debartolo Performing Arts Center. All tickets for the event have been sold.Tags: American Politics, BridgeND, Common Ground Committee, Condoleezza Rice, Diplomacy, John Kerry, notre dame international security center, Politics, Rooney Center for the Study of American Democracylast_img read more

SARE Grants

first_imgTwo University of Georgia graduate students have received grant money to pursue research into producers’ attitudes towards sustainable agriculture.The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Southern Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education (SARE) program provides graduate grant money to conduct research on sustainable agriculture topics. This year, 88 researchers applied and 22 grants were awarded, two of those to students at UGA.David Weisberger, a doctoral candidate in the Department of Crop and Soil Sciences at the UGA College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences (CAES), received $14,797 to fund his project evaluating the perceptions on Palmer amaranth management among Georgia farmers. Emily Ramsey, a doctoral candidate in the UGA Department of Anthropology who is working with Jennifer Jo Thompson, associate research scientist in the Department of Crop and Soil Sciences and director of UGA’s Sustainable Food Systems Initiative, received $16,380 to fund her research study on how to increase community-supported agriculture (CSA) and farmers market utilization by immigrant farmers in southeastern Florida.“Interdisciplinary graduate students like David and Emily are truly leading efforts in the college around sustainable agriculture,” said Thompson, who advises both students’ research projects. “I am also deeply encouraged that SARE recognizes and supports the value of social science research for sustainable agriculture and the important work these students are doing.”The use of weed-tolerant crop varieties and glyphosate-reliant cropping systems have become standard practice in the Southeast over the last 20 years, but farmers have recently had to deal with glyphosate-resistant weeds such Palmer amaranth. To cope, farmers have reincorporated deep tillage practices to rid their fields of weeds, but deep tillage can damage soil and water quality. Cover crops have also been used to offset the deep tillage practices, but it can add to management complexity, Weisberger said.During his study, Weisberger wants to identify how different stakeholder groups view the management of Palmer amaranth, describe the range of viewpoints he records, and determine how stakeholders rate the on-farm viability of different management practices.Palmer amaranth has plagued Georgia’s cotton crop for quite some time, so performing extensive research on this area of sustainability could prove substantially productive for the state and the region.Ramsey hopes to investigate why limited-resource farmers in south Florida aren’t taking advantage of direct-to-consumer sales, and she’d also like to learn how this population of farmers makes marketing decisions. According to Ramsey, the number of farms reporting direct-to-consumer sales dropped fairly substantially from 2012 to 2017, which can be a troubling sign for farmers, since these sales comprise the bulk of many small farmers’ income. While farmers markets still remain an important outlet for farmers to sell produce and products, many immigrant farmers in south Florida choose to sell to wholesalers rather than these direct-to-consumer outlets.Through her research, she will use surveys on area farmers markets and CSAs, semi-structured interviews with market managers and farmers, and conduct long-term participant observations among a cohort of farmers.SARE’s goal is to “support farmers and ranchers, researchers, educators and community organizations as they explore and implement sustainable agricultural production and marketing practices.”For more information about collaborative projects that support sustainable agriculture, visit the UGA Sustainable Food Systems Initiative website.last_img read more

What it’s like to beA lawyer who happens to be gay

first_imgWhat it’s like to beA lawyer who happens to be gay What it’s like to be A lawyer who happens to be gayMark D. Killian Managing Editor One of the biggest challenges facing gay and lesbian lawyers is isolation, according to an openly gay lawyer from Orlando. Often gay or lesbian attorneys find they are unable or uncomfortable doing the simple, routine things like putting a photograph of their partner on their desk or bringing their life companion to social or professional events. It’s never being asked about their weekends or vacations or simply just how their families are. “Isolation makes us invisible and unimportant and uninvolved,” said Larry Smith, who participated in a panel discussion on diversity at the Master’s Seminar on Professionalism at the Bar’s recent Annual Meeting. “I have come to tell you that gay and lesbian lawyers have a life not a lifestyle,” Smith said. He agreed to speak at the seminar to put a face on what it is like to be a lawyer who is gay and to speak for lawyers who cannot yet openly talk about being gay. “For those who are willing to consider that perspective, I hope that will help move us more toward reducing some of the challenges that face lesbian and gay attorneys,” Smith said. Smith asked left-handed members of the audience to raise their hands. “Statistically, if I asked how many gay and lesbian lawyers were in this room, about the same number of hands would have gone up,” Smith said. “But you and I both know that if I asked the question of how many gay and lesbian lawyers are in this room, the same number of hands would not have gone up.” Smith said while a Bar Association of the District of Columbia task force formed in 1999 to study sexual orientation in the legal work place found that 7.9 percent of respondents identified themselves as gay or lesbian and an additional 1.7 percent said they were bisexual, “the more sobering and perhaps disconcerting reality is that the professional colleagues you have studied with, gone to school with, shared dinner with, laughed with, practiced with, cannot share with you one of the most important and fundamental aspects of what makes them the human beings they are.” Despite research that demonstrates the “overwhelming probability that sexual orientation is genetically determined or at least influenced,” he said, there are still many who view homosexuality “as a choice or preference or immoral or unnatural, and so there continues to be a stigma associated with being gay or lesbian that results in alienation.” When discussions in the office turn to family, gay and lesbian lawyers are usually quiet, feeling alone and different, Smith said. “For some, their sexual orientation is their greatest secret, and like all secrets they loosen their grip only when the holder of that secret chooses to let it go or when someone involuntarily discloses another person’s sexual orientation, which usually results in a whirlwind in that person’s life.” The D.C. task force found that many gays are advised to conceal their sexual orientation or alter their appearance to look less stereotypical gay, he said. “For example, one lesbian was told she needed to appear more feminine, wear makeup, wear gold jewelry, and stop bringing her significant other to firm events,” Smith said, adding that most gay lawyers quietly acquiesce to fit within the system and have for decades. “But even when we rationalize this little lie in order to help other people’s feelings or to protect our own feelings, it makes us, as honest people, feel a little less honest,” Smith said. Smith said living a dual life requires enormous energy. He said a gay Tallahassee columnist recently wrote “that it is like moving in and out of safe environments, moving in and out of air-conditioned buildings. You have to figure out where it is safe to be.” “We sort of survive in parallel dimensions, parallel universes, afraid that if these two worlds ever touch there would be this huge cataclysmic explosion and that our professional careers would be over,” Smith said. But that energy used hiding, Smith said, could be put to better use improving communities and the work product for clients. “Providing an atmosphere where lesbian and gay lawyers can openly discuss and live their lives is an important part of changing the way that we are viewed,” said Smith, who doesn’t believe he has ever lost clients when they found out he was gay. Smith said he doesn’t call attention to his homosexuality when meeting perspective clients, but doesn’t hide it either. Smith said some well-intentioned people have told him that being gay is “okay with them” as long as he didn’t discuss it in their presence. Or they say being gay in not a problem; they just don’t want to know because it is a private matter. In part, Smith said, this is because a lot of people confuse sexual orientation with sexual activity. “I’ll be the first to tell you that as the father of two children, and as what I believe to be a moral person, that I think it would be completely inappropriate for any professional colleague to talk about physical intimacy between people,” Smith said. “It has no relevance, it has no dignity, it has no place in a convention between professional colleagues.” Smith, however, said he would welcome someone coming up and politely asking how his family is or vacation was, how are things going “or a thousand other little questions that in everyday conversation, about life outside the practice of law, is what as human beings we call common civility.” August 1, 2001 Managing Editor Regular Newslast_img read more