Another committee member, Annette Gordon-Reed, the Carl M. Loeb University Professor, a scholar of law and history, and author of groundbreaking work on the relationship between Founding Father Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings, a person he enslaved, said her research has long been about “ensuring that different perspectives are brought to the table in discussions about slavery and race.” When addressing such difficult topics and making decisions about how to proceed, it’s “critical to consider all the possible interests in play, and find out how to weigh them. This requires some self-interrogation about biases and preferences that may prevent seeing matters clearly.”DeVaughn, who worked on the American Civil Liberty Union’s National Prison Project as part of Harvard’s Presidential Public Service Fellowship program, said he sees the committee’s work as vital to Harvard’s present and future.“Taking up this sort of challenge, taking up this charge, is not only important for our community … it’s important for the world. As James Baldwin says, history is not the past, it is the present, it lives with us. In taking up this effort,” DeVaughn said, “I think we’re trying to figure out how are we going to live with that history, how we are we going to coexist with it.”The committee’s membership is as follows:Committee to Articulate Principles on Renaming Drew Gilpin Faust (chair)President emerita and Arthur Kingsley Porter University Professor, Harvard UniversityVincent BrownCharles Warren Professor of American History, Professor of African and African American Studies, Faculty of Arts and SciencesSherri Ann CharlestonChief Diversity and Inclusion Officer, Harvard UniversitySuzannah “Suzie” ClarkMorton B. Knafel Professor of Music, Faculty of Arts and SciencesAndrew Crespo ’05, J.D. ’08Professor of Law, Harvard Law SchoolPhilip DeloriaLeverett Saltonstall Professor of History, Faculty of Arts and SciencesElijah DeVaughnHarvard College Class of 2021Archon FungWinthrop Laflin McCormack Professor of Citizenship and Self-Government, Harvard Kennedy SchoolAnnette Gordon-Reed, J.D. ’84Carl M. Loeb University Professor, Harvard UniversityDavid Laibson ’88Robert I. Goldman Professor of Economics, Faculty of Arts and SciencesErika NaginskiRobert P. Hubbard Professor of Architectural History, Harvard Graduate School of DesignDavid Oxtoby ’72President, American Academy of Arts and Sciences; Former Member (2008-14) and President (2013-14), Harvard University Board of Overseers; Former President of Pomona CollegeJin Park ’18Harvard-MIT Program in Health Sciences and Technology MD-PhD Candidate, Harvard Medical SchoolScott Podolsky ’93, M.D. ’97Professor of Global Health and Social Medicine, Harvard Medical SchoolDiana SorensenJames F. Rothenberg Professor of Romance Languages & Literatures and of Comparative Literature, Faculty of Arts and SciencesMeredith Weenick ’90Vice President for Campus Services, Harvard University Harvard President Larry Bacow today launched the Committee to Articulate Principles on Renaming that will help guide consideration of questions about renaming campus buildings, spaces, programs, professorships, and other objects in view of their association with historical figures whose advocacy or support of activities would today be found abhorrent by members of the Harvard community.“I think Harvard is always better when we’re willing to be self-critical, or at least ask in a serious way, ‘How can we become a more enlightened institution?’ To do that, we need to engage people who have both the willingness to ask difficult questions and the courage to answer them in ways that may ultimately challenge us,” said Bacow. As campus conversations about possibly renaming buildings and programs at Harvard has increased, Bacow said, creating a set of general principles would help bring “some consistency in these deliberations across different parts of the University that, given our decentralization, is sometimes difficult to achieve.”In his official charge to the 16-person committee made up of faculty, alumni, students, and staff from across the University, Bacow called for creating “general principles to help determine when the names of such historical figures should or should not continue to be associated” with structures, spaces, and other namesakes. Bacow also asked the committee to consider a range of factors, including not only the failings of individuals but also their positive contributions to the University and to society; how to view an individual’s activities or beliefs that are inconsistent with current community values but may have been viewed differently earlier; how to preserve and not simply erase the history of an individual whose name is removed; the circumstances under which a historical figure’s name should be removed or retained for some purposes but not others; and the processes that should govern decisions to remove a name from a building, space, program, or other object.In 2016, Harvard President Drew Faust and U.S. Rep. John Lewis unveiled a plaque that recognizes four slaves who worked at Wadsworth House. Rose Lincoln/Harvard file photoSeveral colleges and universities, including Yale, Princeton, Stanford, Columbia, and Georgetown, have moved in recent years to drop or change the names of campus buildings that memorialize individuals who acted in ways that would be found abhorrent today or who espoused racist ideals. Bacow encouraged the committee to review and learn from those decisions and to “articulate a set of principles which we think are right for Harvard.”As the nation continues to reckon with pervasive and persistent racism and discrimination, Harvard needs to examine its own history and reconsider its connections to individuals whose past activities or views many now find abhorrent, Bacow said in a recent interview, adding that humility in the face of history would be an important aspect of the committee’s deliberations. “We also have to be humble about our ability to judge the decisions of our predecessors,” he said, adding that modesty is required when “judging people at different points in time with the benefit of, in some cases, hundreds of years of history that leads people to draw different judgments or interpretations of their actions.”The committee will be chaired by Harvard President emerita Drew Faust, who advanced Harvard’s efforts to explore its ties to slavery and created a task force on inclusion and belonging. Faust said that her work on belonging, her Civil War scholarship, and her own experiences fighting for equality during the Civil Rights era will help inform her approach with the committee.“These are issues that have been of concern to me for many years, and so it seems a good match between me and the issues at hand,” said Faust, Arthur Kingsley Porter University Professor. “I think all the committee members recognize that this is a moment when our nation’s long-articulated commitments to justice and equality must at last be realized. The time is here.”The committee includes David Oxtoby, former president of Harvard’s Board of Overseers, former president of Pomona College, and current president of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Ensuring that the committee represents a range of disciplines, experiences, and backgrounds was key to its composition, said Bacow.Bacow said Faust and several other historians named to the committee will bring “a particularly informed and nuanced understanding, not just of history and decisions that were made at the time, but how those decisions are judged over time, and how judgments may change over time in light of subsequent events, actions, changing perceptions.” Bacow said he was eager to link the work of the new committee to that of similar efforts unfolding across Harvard. “Taking up this sort of challenge, taking up this charge, is not only important for our community … it’s important for the world.” — Elijah DeVaughn ’21, committee member The panel’s role, he said, “is to ask hard questions, to bring to bear the best scholarship that it can on the subjects, as in the case of the Harvard and the Legacy of Slavery Initiative led by Radcliffe Dean Tomiko Brown-Nagin that is uncovering parts of our history that we may not have explored, and then helping to inform the broader community about how we should think about these issues.”One committee member, an undergraduate, sees the upcoming work as both substantive and symbolic.“I think when we name we decide what history we’re possessing,” said Elijah DeVaughn ’21, a concentrator in history and literature with a secondary in African-American studies who is interested in criminal justice policy. “For me, being involved in this committee, understanding what the principles should be, especially in this particular moment of a renewed reckoning around issues of race, marginalization, oppression, thinking about what the principles should be for naming, who we should give or bestow these honors to, what history we should possess when we name certain buildings at our institution, is really important.”In recent years, groups across the University have been investigating its ties to slavery and reconsidering the prominence given historical figures who supported slavery or held racist views, and also have been developing a more inclusive, welcoming campus. In 2016, the College eliminated the title “house master,” which many found offensive, in favor of “faculty dean.” That same year, the Law School retired a shield modeled on the crest of an 18th century slaveholder, Isaac Royall Jr., whose bequest established the first professorship of law. This month, the Harvard and the Legacy of Slavery Initiative outlined its efforts to explore ties to slavery with new programming and grant-funded research. In September, Claudine Gay, the Edgerley Family Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences (FAS), announced a task force to develop a framework for creating more-inclusive imagery across FAS spaces.Other initiatives have honored enslaved people who toiled largely unseen, whether in the homes of Harvard presidents or on faraway plantations whose profits fueled the wealth of merchants who were alumni and benefactors. In 2016, Faust, along with the Civil Rights icon and late U.S. Rep. John Lewis, unveiled a plaque on Wadsworth House to honor Titus, Venus, Bilhah, and Juba, four enslaved people who lived and worked there in the 1700s. In 2017, Faust helped dedicate a similar plaque on the Law School campus. … When addressing such difficult topics and making decisions about how to proceed, it’s “critical to consider all the possible interests in play, and find out how to weigh them.” — Annette Gordon-Reed, committee member
Diálogo: With regard to a conference like this one, what are the lessons that you take away from here? Diálogo: Does the country act so quickly because the Argentine Armed Forces are already prepared for this kind of aid? Brig. Gen. Chevalier: It’s a hospital that was born from an initiative of the Argentine forces and has now had another kind of experience, because it was in Mozambique, in Kosovo; it’s been in our country on humanitarian-support missions also. It carried out its first mission when we had the conflict with England, but just as a hospital that supplemented or complemented the hospitals that we have in Patagonia. So this is not its first trip abroad, but it’s true that it’s been in Haiti for quite a while. We’ve also put together a second hospital, which is deployed in the Republic of Chile at the moment. So we have two hospitals of practically the same model, deployed on two different missions, one as part of military peace-keeping operations in Haiti and one that is for humanitarian support or civil defense, in the case of the Chilean earthquake. Diálogo: When we were in Haiti, we saw the fantastic work that the Argentine hospital was doing there. Even on the day after the earthquake, they were taking care of people outside; there were more than four hundred patients in one night, something impressive. Could you talk to us about this model of hospital? Are there similar projects for other countries? Diálogo: Besides the hospital, what other kind of humanitarian aid does Argentina offer in the region? During the conference, it was evident that Argentina is always the first country to arrive bringing aid. How do you succeed in doing this? Brig. Gen. Chevalier: They’re very important, and I believe that we, humbly, are offering ourselves as part of this thing that is seeking to be born on the continental level. To some extent, I believe that it can serve the purpose, as a foundation that can be perfected, like everything, no? There should also be other countries that have this; we shouldn’t be the only ones, but we do have something functioning already. Also, we can take advantage of the structure of the “Southern Cross” combined joint peace-keeping force, since the mission of this combined joint peace-keeping force, as its name well says, is to offer it to the United Nations in response to situations like those that can occur anywhere in the world, the need for a peace-keeping force. The Argentine Air Force has two rapid-deployment mobile military hospitals. It carried out its first peace-keeping mission in Mozambique, for two years, after which came another two years in Kosovo, and finally, it has been in Haiti for almost six years now. At the deepest point of the crisis, that is, the days following the earthquake, the hospital had more than 15,000 potential patients, due to the new contingents who arrived or came to join those previously there. Brig. Gen. Chevalier: I believe that we’re going away with some homework to do. Here what’s important is that some things are being made concrete. For example, as it happens, my Chilean counterpart and I put the finishing touches on something that we already had underway, because Argentina has bilateral humanitarian-aid agreements with Chile, agreements with Peru, and agreements with Bolivia, in bilateral form, and as it happens, we’ve proposed that we’re now going to carry out the first three-party exercise with Peru, Bolivia, and us. It will be a tabletop exercise, because up to now, they’ve all been bilateral. In this case, now it’s going to be trilateral. We already have an organization; we function jointly. Everything goes through the Joint Chiefs of Staff, that is, the requisitions and the offers are not specific to each of the military branches, but rather everything is handled through the Civil Defense Agency, which is an agency that functions within the Operational Command, with a specific task, Civil Defense. Brig. Gen. Chevalier: We succeed in doing this because we have it incorporated as a secondary or subsidiary mission of the military forces in Argentina. It’s a responsibility that we have. For example, in the case of Chile, beyond the hospital itself, there’s a small engineering unit that supplies potable water and electrical generation. We’re also doing things the same way in Haiti, and we also did and are still doing this in peace-keeping operations in Cyprus. By Dialogo August 16, 2010 Brig. Gen. Chevalier: Yes, it’s not a separate function. It’s, I would say, a complementary function. Taking advantage of the armed forces’ resources and the personal capabilities that match the needs, both those of our own country and those of other countries, we come together to provide humanitarian aid. We’re not authorized to acquire resources exclusively for this mission; instead, resources are acquired as a function of the principal mission, which is national defense. If these resources perhaps serve for these other purposes, well, that’s great, and we take advantage of them and carry out humanitarian-aid missions, as we are doing in the cases that you’re familiar with or that I mentioned. Diálogo: Then, you agree that these preparatory exercises, as General Fraser commented during the conference, are very important for preparing countries? Diálogo: Have other countries in the region provided any aid to Argentina in a natural or other disaster? In order to talk about this and other humanitarian-aid initiatives offered to other countries by Argentina, Diálogo spoke with Brig. Gen. Jorge Alberto Chevalier, Chair of the Joint Chiefs of Staff of the Armed Forces of the Argentine Republic, during the 2d Annual South American Defense Chiefs (SOUTHDEC) Conference, held in Lima, Peru, on 3 and 4 August. Brig. Gen. Chevalier: We’ve had that happen. At that time, I was Air Operations Commander, and we had a flood in the city of Santa Fe. I had a unit in place, from the Second Air Brigade, that acted as the distribution center, shall we say, for the aid that came. I remember receiving planes from Italy, from Chile, with humanitarian aid. I believe that we’re part of this world, and we should give one another a hand. We’re here to give, and also to receive, why not?
Sign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York SENTENCED: Former Nassau County Police Department Second Deputy Commissioner William Flanagan (seen here following his March 2012 surrender) was sentenced July 15 to 60 days in jail for conspiracy and official misconduct charges stemming from his role in quashing the investigation of his friend’s son’s burglary. The execution of the sentence was stayed pending his appeal of the conviction. The Nassau County Attorney’s Office indicted Flanagan and two other former top Nassau cops following a 2011 Press investigation into the matter. (Rashed Mian/Long Island Press)
Sign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York More than 70,000 students in school districts across Long Island have “opted out” of taking the first round of this year’s controversial Common Core standardized tests, according to education advocates monitoring the numbers of those refusing the exams—and those figures are expected to rise.The Common Core testing, administered in two waves of exams—first, the ELA (English Language Arts) component for grades 3 through 8, which began Tuesday, March 28, to be followed by Mathematics in May—has been met with criticism from parents and educators since its rollout under the Obama administration in 2013. Since then, the number of students refusing to take the exams, or “opt out,” has grown annually—with a very vocal constituency of anti-Common Core parents residing on Long Island.Among those leading the charge against the tests is Jeanette Deutermann, founder of the anti-Common Core Facebook group “Long Island Opt Out,” and a founding member of New York State Allies for Public Education (NYSAPE), a coalition of 50 parent and teacher organizations who oppose the standardized tests. Each year, Deutermann and a team from each school district compile the running, unofficial figures.“Looking at the numbers, it’s very clear at this moment that the opt-out movement is not going away,” she told the Press Wednesday afternoon. “One thing I keep thinking is: Is the state ever going to start listening? Are they really just going to wait us out? How long are they going to give these tests that no one is taking? Not no one, but even in districts that have 20 percent that are refusals, that is still a significant number. Most districts have 60 to 70 percent and more. Any value of the tests has been invalidated. They can’t use them for any significant data.“How much more of a clear message do they need?” she continued, referring to the New York State Department of Education, which mandates the tests. “All of the numbers and percentages are our voices. How much louder do we need to get?“I’m getting reports from teachers who say that so many of these kids are sitting until 3 o’clock,” Deutermann added. “Kids are crying. One child puked in the middle of the test.”More than 240,000 students statewide refused to take the Common Core examinations in 2015—representing more than 20 percent throughout the state, according to data compiled by the New York State Department of Education. The department found that figure increased to more than 21 percent last year.On Long Island, those figures included more than 82,000 students across Nassau and Suffolk counties’ 124 school districts who refused to take both the ELA and Math exams, respectively, in 2015, and more than 94,000, respectively, in 2016, according to Deutermann and her colleagues’ tallies.As of press time on March 29, day two of the ELA tests, those preliminary figures counted more than 73,000 refusals, and were updated throughout the day.This latest round of ELA tests was prefaced with an additional degree of hubbub this time around locally, sparked by new mandates from at least one Long Island school district regarding the manner in which a student could officially “opt out,” and culminating in a protest in front of the Freeport School District administration building.Parents of students in grades 3 through 8 there were furious to receive a letter recently sent home from Johane Ligonde, principal of the John W. Dodd Middle School, stating that written requests “opting them out” of the controversial Common Core ELA state exams given this week would not suffice as refusals for the district.In order to officially opt out of taking the examinations, Ligonde told the parents, their children would be required to first sit for the tests, and those wishing to refuse taking them would then need to verbally state their intentions to the administering teachers and proctors in front of the class.About a dozen parents protested this policy outside the administrative building Tuesday. They were upset that the letter came so close to the testing period, not giving ample time for parents to prepare their children; that the policy put undue stress and anxiety on children as young as 8 years old; and that the letter was written only in English in a school district where many parents speak only Spanish. Some parents interpreted the correspondence’s distinctions between “opting out” and “refusing” as an intentional means of confusing them.“If your child, under your direction, refuses to take the exam once it is placed in front of them, the proctor will mark the student as a ‘refusal’ and your child will be allowed to read quietly and independently in accordance with state regulations,” the letter reads.Claudine Leguizamon has a third grader in Freeport who suffers from anxiety when test-taking. Leguizamon believes that this high-stakes state exam is inappropriate for her daughter at this time, so she had sent in her refusal letter. But now that her child must verbally refuse to take it, her 8-year-old’s anxiety level has risen.“We practiced over and over her saying, ‘I refuse!’” Leguizamon told the Press as she stood in the rain flanked by fellow parents.She added that she is angry at the district for putting this undue stress on her daughter.“She was quiet this morning, running it through her head,” Leguizamon said. “When I dropped her off, I said, ‘Be strong. I’m sorry you have to be in this position and stand up to your teacher and refuse this exam.’”Howard Colton of the Freeport Independent Parents Association is not against the Common Core state standards, per se, but the testing apparatus tied to it.“It’s not that the Common Core is a bad idea; it’s just that the testing is not appropriate,” he explained outside the school. “It’s not age specific, and it’s not appropriate for what kids are learning in school.”It’s not just Freeport School District parents who are upset with the way Ligonde handled this year’s protocol, either.Long Island Opt Out’s Deutermann has also been monitoring how Long Island school districts are responding to students’ test refusals. She describes Freeport’s response as “incorrect,” but rare.“Thankfully, most districts do not handle it the way that Freeport is handling it,” she explained. “We do have peer districts here and there that are handling it incorrectly like this, but for the most part, the parents’ letters are handled very well. Even the commissioner and chancellor both said it is the parents’ final decision. It is up to the parent.”Featured Photo: Parents converged in front of the Freeport School District administration building Tuesday, March 28, 2017 to protest a new “opt out” protocol mandated by the principal of its middle school. (Long Island Press / Jaime Franchi)
An anthropological view of tourism says that tourism is a crazy, fun activity with a symbolic meaning.Communication in tourism is therefore viewed from a broader level and thus we get a “big picture” where the meaning of tourism for tourists can not be sought in the utilitarian facts and functions of travel, but more in research, experience and experience. Leisure and entertainment are often characterized by play as the basic content. Play as a form of communication has a significant place not only in the life of an individual but forms an integral part of social life, tradition and customs. Tourism is such a specific form of play that by definition cannot be realized in the place of residence, and, precisely because of that, it has a greater potential to entertain and relax people than everyday recreation.Tourism as one of the possible models of the game is not only psychological but also a social and anthropological phenomenon. Anthropologically, the game is a cultural universal. In that sense, the term game is used in the broadest sense. Some authors argue that civilization is born from a form of play, and since its inception people have been playing and through this process society expresses its interpretation of life and the world. The game precedes civilization, since animals also play, and civilization represents human detachment. There is something transcendent in the game in relation to the current needs of life. The game means something. Tourism represents a limited order in time and space, outside of everyday life and seriousness, and at the same time intensively and completely absorbs the personality of travelers – tourists. Tourism is credited with the ability to preserve the individuality of the individual in an alienated world where there is increasing unification and standardization. In this context, tourism allows a temporary spatio-temporal escape from reality by transporting tourists to other worlds, whether it is a journey to distant and exotic countries or to a world of past, future or fantasy. This is about a person’s aspiration to express and confirm himself through play. Different creative games can be viewed as a form of expression and self-fulfilling, but also a means of compensation. Certain crazy activities in tourism enable self-affirmation, but also the expression and development of the creative potential of tourists. In this sense, some authors advocate the development of a new model of “creative tourism” whose main goal is to develop the generic abilities of each individual, not only during the trip but and upon returning the house to permanent residence. Play as a form of communication in tourism also becomes a socially acceptable safety valve because it gives an individual the opportunity to empty himself and get rid of aggression. Aggression is a law of self-preservation of the species, but for a man living in a society it needs to be mastered and controlled. Entertainment philosophers, who rely on anthropology, attach great importance to the universal existence of games in all nations, in a wide range of group-dependent forms. i relations with the institutional social and economic base. Play is an element of every civilization, so in that sense, tourism is a paradigm of postmodern crazy existence in the global consumer society. The vacation that tourists enjoy is a temporary break in which they live. This corresponds to the so-called. phase of the transition ritual located somewhere “between” in in relation to the recognized status of structured life, so that tourists both physically and symbolically stand out from their normal life and the world of everyday life, with this intermediate period having a transitional character. In communication on vacation, for example, nautical tourists rarely mention their occupation and social status at home. They usually get to know each other and present themselves only by name. The way of addressing takes place spontaneously. These tourists have left behind most of the things that usually, at home, are indicators of their social and economic status, including cars, houses, clothes, jewelry, etc. They also manifest a similar way and level of spending: renting similar yachts, wearing similar swimsuits, they are supplied and bought in the same shops, they buy fuel in the same marinas, etc. The game would not be a game if it were not free, if the players did not participate voluntarily, that is, they started and stopped the game voluntarily. Any external coercion, whether in the form of punishment or reward, deprives the game of its essence, and that is that it has meaning in itself, and not outside itself. Tourist travel must also be, above all, free, without any external or internal coercion, in order to be touristy. Tourists travel exclusively for work personal satisfaction, where they want, when they want and with whom they want, and within the limits of their own time and financial budget.Prescription and regulation of mass tourism as opposed to the true nature of tourism The Games are subject to their own rules which for the duration of the game constitute only the applicable law. However, some games have no rules and imply freedom of improvisation. According to this rule, games can be regulated by rules or fictitious. Organized mass tourism is most often a prescribed activity, given that certain written and unwritten rules of conduct are set in advance by travel organizers, and tourists by purchasing arrangements undertake to respect them (adequate behavior on the train, plane, hotel, camp, on the beach, to respect the scheduled time of going to lunch, dinner, sightseeing, etc.). Here, in fact, one system of rules that applies at home in everyday life is replaced by another, temporary, system of rules that is valid during travel and stay in a tourist destination. In this way, one type of non-freedom is replaced by another, so that the expected temporary release from reality and entry into a radically different world is absent. In practice, a relatively small number of tourists are in a position to behave freely, without regulations and rules, to improvise, which is the very essence of tourism. The behavior of these few tourists is based on the principle of free improvisation. Their game is against the rules and has a fictitious character. Fictional games are accompanied by the realization of some kind of different reality or completely unreality in relation to everyday life. Despite the regulation and regulation of mass tourism, the true nature of tourism is closer to a fictional game. The main attraction of fictional games is that they play a role, that they act like someone else. For many tourists, vacation life is more about choosing a person to identify with and play with, than about the holiday itself.Through the choice of these fictitious characters, the true nature of each individual comes to the surface, so yes are temporary tourist roles closer to what individuals would like to be than the social roles they are forced to play in everyday life at home. Playing such fictitious roles is not subject to some rigid rules, but comes down to more or less successfully supporting certain roles. The degree of immersion of tourists in certain roles is different: while some are constantly aware of illusions, others indulge in illusion and self-deception, immerse themselves deeply in the role, to the extent that it is very difficult for them to return to the real world and take over again the role they are forced into in everyday life. We can conclude that vacations and trips are not only refreshing interludes in nature (sleep, rest, walking) but also a time of pleasure and games, which is achieved either by reviving through play, life activities of our ancestors (fishing, harvesting, hunting), or by participating in new games (beach sports, water skiing, spearfishing, etc.). Life during the holidays thus becomes a big game: we play peasants, winemakers, mountaineers, hunters, fishermen, fighters, runners, dancers, singers, swimmers, adventurers, the rich, seducers, and so on.Uncertainty is immanent to the game, the excitement of the game lies precisely in the fact that the course and outcome are uncertain and unpredictable. As soon as the further course and outcome of the game become known, the game ceases to be interesting and is usually interrupted. What modern mass tourism lacks is an element of uncertainty that contributes to the curiosity and excitement of travel. Critics say the over-organization, planning and predictability of tourism package deals leave very little room for surprise and unpredictability, depriving tourism of the excitement of encountering the sudden unpredictable. i unknown. As this type of tourism is deprived of adventure, travel agencies began to organize more and more so-called. “Adventure travel” that should meet the needs of those tourists who are eager for adventure and risk. However, most critics believe that these are mostly “pseudo-adventures”, which have only the appearance of an adventure, while the “invisible hand” of the travel organizer cares on the safety of tourists, with both sides tacitly accepting this kind of “adventure game”. Tourist culture as a “film negative” of everyday existenceThe choice of tourist lifestyle is based on the culture and social structure that dominates in one’s own society from which the tourist comes. The values chosen to be “reversed” represent the “magic” of tourism and have a symbolic character because they provide meaning in the context of the culture of the structure of the society from which tourists come. In fact, by choosing what they want to change (reverse) on the trip, tourists point out what they miss the most in everyday life at home, as well as in the culture in which they live. The lifestyle and behavior of tourists in selected destinations is actually a “film negative” of everyday existence, but also a kind of temporary rebellion against the structure of their own society and its dominant culture where they can not find complete happiness.As the distance between the tourist destination and the tourists grows, “mimicry and transvestite” disappear. and the actual return to the usual, whether by land, air or water, provides an opportunity for various “ritual” forms of farewell to tourist existence.Eg. Saudi or Iranian tourists, before boarding for a return flight to their homeland, or already during the flight, disguise their Western appearance. This is the moment when the phase of animation, ie the game, comes to an end and the way in which the tourist rationalizes and accepts the return from the heights of the tourist trance into the reality of ordinary everyday life.ConclusionAs the transformation of the individual into a tourist progresses, the everyday environment in the place of residence acquires a position of background – “back home”, the culture of origin is banished to the residual culture that is in the background, and the tourist culture of the new world prevails. In other words, the usual temporal spatial and cultural dimension “distances” itself into the past, and the unusual “now and here” comes to the fore and becomes a new reality. Tourist culture as modus operandi i vivendi tourist existence begins to define and redefine roles, rules, norms, movements, forms, expectations and processes; as well as the notion of animation or entertainment (filled with new spirit, courage and determination, for example). The life of tourists is in contrast to the culturally shaped and sanctioned life at home, and the ludicrous forces and desire for leisure are gaining strength. The new tourist situation, in fact, encourages anti-structural manifestations so that tourism acquires the characteristics of a game.As the immersion in the tourist existence deepens, the tourist continues to realize the idea that he is no longer closed in his former self (self) but is temporarily transformed into a new person, with a different identity (tourists) playing on a new stage (tourist destination). In a world like this, outside the usual time and space, which is far from the reality left at home, the tourist becomes an actor and the tourist culture a script. Immersion and adaptation to the tourist culture can be gradual. The best immersed in a new lifestyle are those who have gone deeper into the ecstasy and magic of travel. The tourist continues to “peel” the cultural layers he brought from home, until he is “peeled” enough to be able to continue the journey on his own. The tourist can now play any role, from those children’s games to concealment and identity change. Still, tourists know the ultimate reach of jumping out of the confines of everyday life and because of it they seldom exceed that.An important term, which illustrates the usual practice in tourism is inversion (radical change) or life completely different or opposite to what tourists are in their daily lives. Being a “queen / king” in one day or a “peasant / peasant” in one day, as two different cultural styles, represent extreme possibilities in a wide range of potential inversions in the tourist universe of the unusual. For the newly created king, tourism became a “mimicry of a high lifestyle” that can be achieved today with the help of credit cards.An individual wants to experience in one week what he is missing during the rest of the year. That’s why it’s a big part tourism spending above the daily budget.Fantasy, illusion or dream have an additional deepening effect. It’s the kind of freedom a jumper on a springboard feels once he finds himself in the air. While in the “tourist trance”, the traveler / tourist enters the “promised paradise” already in this world – although sometimes he feels out of the world. Tourism, as a powerful illusionist opiate, can make many doors that are closed in everyday life open in the universe of the unusual. Published by: dr. sc. Romana Lekić, prof. v. š. ,, Assistant Dean for Tourism Studies Edward Bernays, College of Communication Management
The leaders are at odds over how to carve up a vast recovery fund designed to help haul Europe out of its deepest recession since World War Two, and what strings to attach for countries it would benefit. Diplomats said it was possible that they would abandon the summit and try again for an agreement next month.In response, the euro opened 0.2 percent lower in early Asian trade to go as low as US$1.1400. It was last up 0.2 percent at $1.1442.“The commitment by EU leaders in extending talks and reports of further talks if no agreement is reached today shows the desire to have the recovery fund in some form,” said NAB analyst Tapas Strickland.However, it was a likely to be “a very long and winding road,” before a deal is reached, he added.In the United States, the Congress is set to begin debating a new aid package this week, as several states in the country’s South and West implement fresh lockdown measures to curb the virus.The virus has claimed over 140,000 US lives in total since the pandemic started, and Florida, California, Texas and other southern and western states shatter records every day.The United States, with 3.7 million total cases, has almost as many infections as the next three hardest-hit countries combined – Brazil, India and Russia.“Wall Street remains upbeat, but sentiment on Main Street is turning grim in response to the upsurge in COVID-19 cases that is prompting a renewal of lockdown restrictions,” Oxford Economics said in a note.“Furloughed workers are more pessimistic about getting their jobs back; they are also becoming more concerned about the loss of income if a fiscal package with new relief is not forthcoming.”Fiscal support is also a focus in Australia where the government will release a ‘mini budget’ later this week.In currencies, the dollar was a shade higher on the Japanese yen at 107.06. Sterling was mostly flat at $1.2571.The Australian dollar ticked up 0.1 percent at $0.7002. That left the dollar index barely changed at 95.905.In commodities, spot gold was flat at 1,808.5 an ounce.US crude rose 6 cents to $40.65 per barrel and Brent was up 2 cents at $43.15. Topics : Asian shares began warily on Monday as investors eyed efforts to stitch together more fiscal stimulus in the eurozone and United States to help economies ride out the effects of a record jump in COVID-19 cases globally.MSCI’s broadest index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan was flat at 541.49, with Australian shares down 0.3 percent and South Korea’s KOSPI just a shade higher.Japan’s Nikkei was up 0.1 percent. E-minis for the S&P 500 rose 0.1 percent in early Asian trading.Last week, European, US and other equity markets notched their third weekly gain in a row, although the pace of the rally has slowed.The Dow fell 0.23 percent on Friday, the S&P 500 gained 0.29 percent and the Nasdaq Composite added 0.28 percent.Investor focus is squarely on a European Union Summit where leaders are haggling over a plan to revive economies throttled by the COVID-19 pandemic.
Inside 63 Frederick St, Annerley.“We put in new bathrooms and a kitchen and replaced the front and back decks,” Ms Nielsen said. “We painted internally and also sanded the (timber) floors.” More from newsCrowd expected as mega estate goes under the hammer7 Aug 2020Hard work, resourcefulness and $17k bring old Ipswich home back to life20 Apr 2020The home has an open-plan living, dining and kitchen area with timber floors and doors opening to the front veranda and, through bi-fold doors, to the back deck with city views. The updated kitchen has a Smeg five-burner, freestanding gas oven, feature splashback, ample storage and an island bench. The deck at 63 Frederick St, Annerley.Ms Nielsen said the big backyard was great for kids and the back deck was the perfect place to entertain. “We can walk to get coffees, go to the dog park and playgrounds or go for bike rides,” she said. “We will miss our trips to the local coffee shop and the proximity to the city.” The property is being marketed by Jane Elvin, of LJ Hooker Annerley Yeronga, for offers over $849,000. The home at 63 Frederick St, Annerley.THIS beautifully renovated Queenslander with city views is on the market in Annerley. The property is raised to legal height underneath, has a front veranda and back deck, and is on a 499 sqm block. Owners Vanessa Nielsen and Glenn Hollis bought the property five years ago and have enjoyed making 63 Frederick St a home for their two children. “It’s one of those places you walk into and fall in love with — I know I did,” Ms Nielsen said. Since owning the home, the couple have made a number of improvements. Inside 63 Frederick St, Annerley.The master bedroom has built-in robes and an ensuite with dual basins and a double-sized shower. The remaining two bedrooms have built-in robes and the family bathroom has a claw-foot tub and dual basins. Downstairs, there is tandem parking for two cars, a laundry, storeroom and courtyard. The home is on a low-maintenance block with established lawns and gardens.
London-listed oil company EnQuest has made a ship-to-ship transfer of crude oil at the Port of Sullom Voe, Shetland, for the first time in almost three years. Oil tanker Heather Knutsen in Halifax Harbour; Photo: Dennis Jarvis; Source: Wikimedia – under the CC BY-SA 2.0 licenseEnQuest said on Friday that the transfer of around 500,000 barrels of crude oil produced from the Kraken field in the East Shetland Basin was completed at the Port on Thursday, September 13. The Kraken oil field started production in June 2017.The transfer was made from the Heather Knutsen, a 277-metre long Canadian-registered shuttle tanker, to the Speedway, a 274 meter long, Greek-registered tanker.This also marks the first new business for Sullom Voe Terminal since EnQuest took over its operatorship last year, with the team handling logistical support to Shetland Islands Council for the ship-to-ship transfer.Namely, British oil major BP sold 25 percent of its 100 percent stake in the Magnus field; 25 percent of interests in a number of associated pipelines, and a three percent interest in the Sullom Voe Terminal in January 2017.Operatorship of both Magnus and SVT transferred from BP to EnQuest on completion. The sale did not affect BP’s rights to capacity in SVT.It is worth noting that EnQuest acquired the remaining 75 percent of the Magnus field last week.Bob Davenport, managing director of EnQuest’s North Sea business, said: “We are pleased to have worked with Shetland Islands Council, the operators of the Port, and our other stakeholders to deliver the first ship-to-ship transfer at the Port since 2015.“Ship-to-ship transfer is just one of the activities we are progressing with other stakeholders to maximize the long-term value of the terminal.”Offshore Energy Today Staff
Tuttosport writes that Simeone has already been in touch with Icardi’s wife and agent Wanda Nara regarding a move for the 27-year-old.Simeone has been looking for a replacement for Diego Costa in Madrid and the newspaper claims the Atleti tactician has targeted the former Nerazzurri captain.Coasta during the UEFA Champions League Round of 16 First Leg match between Club Atletico de Madrid and Juventus at Estadio Wanda Metropolitano on February 20, 2019 in Madrid, Spain.Read Also: EPL clubs keen to finish season by June 30 despite COVID-19 crisisLos Colchoneros were close to signing Icardi’s current teammate Edinson Cavani this winter and the Uruguay international could still be an alternative in the summer.The Argentine has scored 20 goals in 31 games for Les Parisiens this term, but the reports keeps linking him with a move to Italy or Spain.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmail分享 Atletico Madrid are reportedly stepping up their interest in Inter loanee Mauro Icardi, as coach Diego Simeone looks for Diego Costa’s replacement at the Wanda Metropolitano.Advertisement Icardi, currently on loan at Paris Saint-Germain, will reportedly leave the French capital after one season and has been targeted by a host of top clubs on the continent. Loading… Promoted ContentThe 18 Most Visited Cities In The WorldYou’ve Only Seen Such Colorful Hairdos In A Handful Of AnimeBest Car Manufacturers In The World7 Universities In The World With The Highest Market Value2020 Tattoo Trends: Here’s What You’ll See This Year15 Most Astonishing Staircases In The WorldIf Zodiac Signs Were Women: Amazing Artwork By Vivien SzaniszloWho Is The Most Powerful Woman On Earth?9 Facts You Should Know Before Getting A TattooCouples Who Celebrated Their Union In A Unique, Unforgettable WayWhat’s Up With All The Female Remakes?8 Superfoods For Growing Hair Back And Stimulating Its Growth
Read Also: Zidane wants Messi to stay in Spain despite Barcelona exit claimsUp next for Getafe is a trip to Osasuna, followed by home games against Villarreal and Atletico Madrid, and visits to Alaves and Levante.Once their domestic season is completed, the side from South Madrid then face a Europa League last 16 two legged clash with Inter Milan.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmail分享 Getafe goal keeper David Soria admitted Sergio Ramos got the better of him in their mind games battle at the Estadio Alfredo Di Stefano.Advertisement Ramos tucked home his fifth Real Madrid penalty of the season on 80 minutes, despite Soria diving the right way and almost making a save.However, the Getafe stopper admitted at full time, he thought the veteran centre back was planning a trademark Panenka spot kick. “I waited for him to take the penalty, and I thought he was going for a Panenka,” he told a post match interview with Onda Cero.“I thought he was going to imitate Messi from the other day, but he did not.“We must keep playing like this in our final games. As for Champions League qualification, we will take it game by game.”Getafe have struggled for form following the restart of the 2019-20 season, with just one La Liga win from six games.Jose Bordalas’ side remain in a strong position to secure another Europa League qualification spot in the coming weeks, with a four point cushion inside the top seven. Promoted ContentIs This The Most Delicious Food In The World?Everything You Need To Know About Asteroid Armageddon10 Risky Jobs Some Women Do7 Truly Incredible Facts About Black HolesTop 10 Most Romantic Nations In The World6 Extreme Facts About HurricanesYou’ve Only Seen Such Colorful Hairdos In A Handful Of Anime6 Incredibly Strange Facts About Hurricanes9 Facts You Should Know Before Getting A Tattoo6 Unforgettable Shows From The 90s That Need To Make A Comeback7 Facts About Black Holes That Will Blow Your Mind6 Ridiculous Health Myths That Are Actually True Loading…